Problems in the Process of Urbanization

The human history has been considered as a course of man’s migration from the country to the city, so urbanization is seen as the symbol of human civilization. Nevertheless, as we enjoy the conveniences of urban life, we also enjoy the conveniences of urban life; we also have to suffer many problems that urbanization brings to us. Among them, the environmental pollution is one of the most serious.

First, the explosion of city pollution causes harm to our natural environment. To obtain sufficient living space, urban residents sacrifice large areas of woods, fields and arable land to build roads and houses. Many plants and animals in turn lose their natural habitats and some may die from the process of displacement. Besides, the growing urban population also damages the ecosystem with a huge amount of household rubbish. Rubbish hills dumped on the outskirts are a case in point. Even if people bury or burn the waste, it may bring about soil or air pollutions.

Second, hundreds of tons of waste water from factories are contaminating rivers in city day and night. Gone are those days when people enjoyed swimming in the river and fishing on the bank. Sometimes, worse still, untreated sewage pouring from chemical factories poison directly urban water supply. Drinkable water has become a rare resource, and people have to take in somewhat polluted water. Then one of its results has been the emergence of many new diseases and more and more cancer cases.

Third, the rapid increase in the number of urban motor vehicles contributes to considerable pollution. With the expansion of the urban area and the extension of city roads grows a heavier traffic. Thousands of running cars, buses, and trucks produce a large quantity of exhaust fumes and it inevitably pollutes the air. Sometimes the air quality is so bad that people feel difficulty breathing and go to the oxygen bar to have a break. Moreover, the endless traffic leads to serious noise pollution. It is common to hear a car blowing its horn here and there, a truck thundering along the highway, a city train roaring around at night. These noises sound to me as if they were constantly mocking our modern civilization and urbanization.

Clearly, with cities growing in number and size, we urban residents also suffer a lot of pains. Our life quality can be threatened by environment pollution resulting from urbanization. And if the problem is left unsolved, our wish for a comfortable city life will only be a daydream.

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Isokinetics Deluxe Balance Board – Great Fitness Instrument

If you are new to balance exercises and you are looking to purchase a wobble board then this product is exactly what you are looking for. It can help you get an idea about how they work and it is a great fitness instrument that can help you perfect your balance. This balance board is very affordable, because of the materials it is made of, nevertheless the results you get from it are outstanding.

The product, unlike the other boards, includes two different degrees of challenge. As a beginner you should start with the lowest difficulty and switch to the second one as soon as you feel like you want more out of your physical exercise session. The two difficulties also allow you to use this product for various reasons. For example, you can use it for losing weight, for shaping your core muscles and other groups of muscles. Wobble boards are used for rehab from foot or lower back injuries, thus the lower difficulty can help you recuperate faster and gain your balance in no time.

Another amazing feature of this product is the lifting system. You can choose to lift the board up higher so that it is harder to maintain your balance, making it ideal for more advanced balance training that can help with many different types of sports.

Overall, it is an ideal fitness instrument to have in your home. It is lightweight and small so you can store it and move it anywhere around the house. It is affordable, convenient and it really helps train your balance while keeping your body toned and in great shape

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"Off Balance on Purpose" by Dan Thurmon

Just when you thought you were taught everything about achieving the ‘perfect balance’ in your life, whether the source was from TV shows, self-help books, or radio talk-show advice, Dan Thurmon shatters the all-time myth in his book, “Off Balance on Purpose”, that we need to strive to find balance in order to live a happier life. He even explains how much this is, in other words, impossible!

We tend to stress on what we can’t control, we stress when life hits hard, we stress when things don’t go as we planned. But, what if you were taught how to turn your tragedies into triumphs? How to recognize that the troubles in your life, are only aligned with your purpose? How to use your power, your passions, and purpose, to overcome your problems?

You’ll learn how to let go of the things you can’t control, and get a G.R.I.P on the things you can, (he explains what that entails early on in his book, which really spoke to me).

As a young woman in my mid-twenties, I’ve had countless instances where I’ve felt lost, stagnant, unmotivated, and overwhelmed by no sense of direction. I’ve since been enlightened with a clear sense of my purpose since a co-worker of mine loaned me this book. I would recommend to read a chapter here or there, to fully absorb and grasp everything. Reading cover to cover, in my opinion, would only overshadow the message Dan is teaching.

As we all struggle with finding our purpose in our lives, Dan opens up new ways to embrace living life “off-balance”. If we always worked to achieve perfection, bills always paid on time, had perfect relationships, never got sick, even eliminated all car problems (we all have those, unfortunately), or had the perfect day Every Day, we would go insane in trying to reach this unattainable dream. As some of us probably have already. We know that life isn’t perfect, humans aren’t perfect, so how could every day be perfect? You’re not always going to be “balanced”, so why not learn how to take advantage of life’s shortcomings, and use them to work towards your purpose?

I highly recommend this book to anyone of all ages. Especially those like me, who know that they want to do something more in life than working a 9 to 5 job, someone who wanted to learn how to turn my struggles into my strengths.

When bad things happen to you, do you dwell in your own sorrow, or do you rise to the occasion? Well this book teaches you how!!

Get your copy today!!

My Rating: 5 out of 5 Stars

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Stiletto Heels – The Trendy Footwear For Women With Fashion Sense

Stiletto heel started a new trend since its entrance to the world of fashion. Since its introduction in the last century, this footwear has become the leading footwear for stylish and young women. You cannot think of being fashionable without getting some Stiletto heels. Whatever dress you wear, you can always choose the right Stiletto to go with your dress. The biggest plus point of Stiletto heels is that they add a few inches to your height so you look quite attractive. These shoes are found in many different designs, heel heights and sizes. When you choose the appropriate pair of stilettos for you, you will definitely feel great.

The Stiletto heels hit the market in 1930s. The name of these heels is quite interesting because stiletto means knife and these heels look like a dagger that is sharp, thin and long. Like other fashion accessories, stiletto heels were also a product of Italian fashion market. It soon won the hearts of millions of people across Europe including the US and the UK. Manufacturers set up industries in the first world countries to meet the demand for these shoes.

An ideal Stiletto may be 1 cm to 15cm high. It is usually thin and the heel is sharp rising. The platform sole is quite tiny in area as it can be just 1 cm where it touches ground. That is why Stiletto has a very sexy and slender look. When Stiletto heels become 5 cm or less in height, they are termed as kitten heels. Kitten heels are shorter variants of stilettos that are really a popular choice all over the world.

The strength of Stiletto heels is worth mentioning. This is the feature that differentiates these shoes from other types of high heels shoes. As Stiletto heels use metal or solid steel, the strength provided by such footwear is unmatchable. You have to beware of plastic molded Stiletto look alike shoes. These are not the real stilettos. So you need to be cautious while purchasing Stilettos that you get the right strength in the heels. This is Stiletto Uniqueness.

Though Stilettos give you great looks, you should be wary of using them for a long times. There are many negative consequences of using these shoes for long periods. You may suffer from some form of skeletal or muscular discomforts if you use these shoes for a long time. Moreover, you cannot walk fast while you are on Stiletto heels. It is also interesting to note that Stilettos are the safest among the high heels.

Stilettos can go with stylish dresses for any season. As different materials are used in the production of stilettos, you may need to choose the right one for the right season. The models, designs, colors and sizes of stilettos will vary for different people. For example, if you tend to walk very fast, then you should go for kitten heels rather than full size stilettos.

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What To Look For In Elliptical Machines

Purchasing an elliptical trainer is an investment. It’s actually a rather large investment, not only financially, but also more importantly, in your health and fitness. You want to make the right buying decision since so much is at stake. I’ve heard about too many people who purchase the wrong elliptical trainer and then wind up getting permanently sidetracked and discouraged from their carefully planned fitness goals. So please take a few moments to read these key points to find out what to look for in elliptical machines:

*Price — if you’ve read any of my other articles on evaluating elliptical trainers you will know that I’m not a fan of cheap ellipticals. The best advice I can give you is to stay well clear of ellipticals that retail for under $500. It may seem to go against your grain, but the best value in home ellipticals are between $1000 and $2000. You can snag some very high-quality home ellipticals on sale for around $1300.

*Manufacturer Reputation — spend some time to research the major manufacturers of elliptical machines. Some of the top names are: Precor, Life Fitness Smooth Fitness, Tunturi, New Balance, and all of the brands from ICON Health and Fitness such as ProForm, Reebok, NordicTrack, and Weslo. Investigate the quality and repair statistics for their machines and also the responsiveness of their customer service departments. Sometimes bigger isn’t always better in this market!

*Resistance — there are two types of resistance: belt friction and magnetic friction. Belt friction is found on low-end models and should be avoided. It’s both noisy and unreliable. Magnetic resistance comes in three varieties: manual, motorized and eddy current brake.

All use the concept of creating friction on a cast iron flywheel via a magnetic field. Where the motorized version moves a pair of permanent magnets closer or further from the flywheel using an electric motor, the eddy current brake increases and decreases the magnetic field with a series of coils that comprise an electromagnet. The eddy current brake is found on higher-end models and is preferable since there are no moving parts to wear out as in the motorized braking system.

*Stride Length — stride length is a critical specification in elliptical trainers. A few inches in this dimension will make the difference between your elliptical trainer feeling like a choppy stepper or a smooth and gliding elliptical trainer. Don’t settle for anything under 17 inches. Some models, such as the Smooth CE, have an adjustable stride length to accommodate people of different heights.

*Incline Ramp — some models have an adjustable incline ramp that can add a cross training dimension to your elliptical workouts. The steeper the incline the more stress placed on your calf, hamstring, and gluteal muscles. Models such as the commercial grade Precor EFX 546i and the low-end Reebok RL 645 from ICON Health and Fitness both come with incline ramps. Decide for yourslef if this is an essential feature.

*Console — displays come in 2 basic types: LCD or LED matrix. Some even combine both. The keypad is typically a series of membrane switches to control resistance and select program options. Most elliptical consoles display the essential data such as elapsed time, calories or energy burned, pace, distance, resistance and/or incline level, and heart rate if supported.

The console may require separate batteries and/or be powered from the main power connection to the elliptical. The important thing is that the electronics behind the console be reliable. Unfortunately, there are too many stories about faulty electronics in some units that cause the display to malfunction or fail altogether.

*Programs — most elliptical trainers come with at least a few built-in programs. Many others come with more than you may ever use. And it’s not just the expensive models that have lots of programs. Training programs can add variety and incentive to your workouts and models with a heart rate control feature can dynamically vary the resistance to keep your heart rate in a training zone. Call me boring, but I usually opt for the plain old vanilla “Manual” mode. I’ll sometimes add my own variety by changing my pace to perform interval training. This all comes down to personal preferences.

*Warranty — like price, the warranty should be a key indicator of the quality of the elliptical trainer. If a manufacturer can only bring them self to offer a 90-day warranty on parts and labor, then don’t bother with their products.

At a minimum, you should receive a 1-year warranty on parts and labor. Many manufacturers offer very long warranties on the frame, up to 15 years or even lifetime. However, the frame on well-made ellipticals should last a very long time provided the welds are good.

It’s the drive mechanism and motorized components that take the beating and they are expensive to replace. I usually don’t recommend purchasing extended warranties for anything, but I make the exception when it comes to elliptical trainers.

These items are a few of the key points to consider when evaluating an elliptical trainer. There are several others that space does not allow me to cover here, but you should also take the time to educate yourself on them as well.

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5 Components of Physical Fitness

Physical fitness is the ability to function effectively throughout your workday, perform your usual other activities and still have enough energy left over to handle any extra stresses or emergencies which may arise.

The components of physical fitness are:

* Cardiorespiratory (CR) endurance – the efficiency with which the body delivers oxygen and nutrients needed for muscular activity and transports waste products from the cells.

* Muscular strength – the greatest amount of force a muscle or muscle group can exert in a single effort.

* Muscular endurance – the ability of a muscle or muscle group to perform repeated movements with a sub-maximal force for extended periods of times.

* Flexibility – the ability to move the joints or any group of joints through an entire, normal range of motion.

* Body composition – the percentage of body fat a person has in comparison to his or her total body mass.

Improving the first three components of fitness listed above will have a positive impact on body composition and will result in less fat. Excessive body fat detracts from the other fitness components, reduces performance, detracts from appearance, and negatively affects your health.

Factors such as speed, agility, muscle power, eye-hand coordination, and eye-foot coordination are classified as components of “motor” fitness. These factors most affect your athletic ability. Appropriate training can improve these factors within the limits of your potential. A sensible weight loss and fitness program seeks to improve or maintain all the components of physical and motor fitness through sound, progressive, mission specific physical training.

Principles of Exercise

Adherence to certain basic exercise principles is important for developing an effective program. The same principles of exercise apply to everyone at all levels of physical training, from the Olympic-caliber athlete to the weekend jogger.

These basic principles of exercise must be followed.

Regularity

To achieve a training effect, you must exercise often. You should exercise each of the first four fitness components at least three times a week. Infrequent exercise can do more harm than good. Regularity is also important in resting, sleeping, and following a sensible diet.

Progression

The intensity (how hard) and/or duration (how long) of exercise must gradually increase to improve the level of fitness.

Balance

To be effective, a program should include activities that address all the fitness components, since overemphasizing any one of them may hurt the others.

Variety

Providing a variety of activities reduces boredom and increases motivation and progress.

Specificity

Training must be geared toward specific goals. For example, people become better runners if their training emphasizes running. Although swimming is great exercise, it does not improve a 2-mile-run time as much as a running program does.

Recovery

A hard day of training for a given component of fitness should be followed by an easier training day or rest day for that component and/or muscle group(s) to help permit recovery. Another way to allow recovery is to alternate the muscle groups exercised every other day, especially when training for strength and/or muscle endurance.

Overload

The work load of each exercise session must exceed the normal demands placed on the body in order to bring about a training effect.

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Rhetorical Devices in the Inaugural Address of John F. Kennedy

It is according to Aristotle that a speaker or writer has three ways to persuade his audience: The first kind depends on the personal character of the speaker; the second is on putting the audience into a certain frame of mind; the third is on the proof, or apparent proof, provided by the words of the speech itself.

One of the most influential people who made a memorable speech for the past century is President John F. Kennedy, a famous public speaker who wrote an inaugural address that contains a power to persuade a lot of people.

His well-known speech shows how his method of using the art of persuasive written or spoken discourse (Rhetoric) that an author or speaker uses to convey a meaning to the listener or reader contributes to the purpose or theme of his message for his countrymen.

Definition of Terms:

1. Alliteration: Repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words that are close to one another.

2. Allusion: A brief or indirect reference to a person, place, event, or passage in a work of literature or the Bible assumed to be sufficiently well known to be recognized by the reader.

3. Amplification: An expansion of detail to clarify a point.

4. Analogy: A comparison between two things in which the more complex is explained in terms of the more simple.

5. Anaphora: Repetition of one or more words at the head of consecutive phrases, clauses, or sentences.

6. Anastrophe: Inversion of word order to mark emphasis.

7. Antimetabole: Reverasal or repeated words or phrases for effect.

8. Antithesis: Contrast within parallel phrases (not to be confused with the ordinary use of the word to mean “extreme opposite”).

9. Assonance: Repetition of vowel sounds between different consonants.

10. Asyndeton: Absence of conjunctions.

11. Chiasmus: The reversal of grammatical order from one phrase to the next.

12. Climax: Consists of arranging words, clauses, or sentences in the order of increasing importance, weight, or emphasis.

13. Conduplication: Resembles anadiplosis in the repetition of a preceding word, but it repeats a key word (not just the last word) from a preceding phrase, clause, or sentence, at the beginning of the next.

14. Consonance: Repetition of identical consonant sounds within two or more words in close proximity.

15. Ellipsis: Any omitted part of speech that is easily understood in context.

16. Ethos: Makes use of what an audience values and believes to be good or true.

17. Hyperbole: Deliberate exaggeration in order to create humor or emphasis.

18. Imagery: Lively descriptions which impress the images of things upon the mind using one or more of the five senses.

19. Logos: appealing to reason in a measured, logical way.

20. Metanoia: The qualification of a statement to either diminish or strengthen its tone.

21. Metaphor: Meaning or identity ascribed to one subject by way of another.

22. Oxymoron: Contraditory terms or ideas are combined.

23. Parallelism: The technique of arranging words, phrases, clauses, or larger structures by placing them side by side and making them similar in form.

24. Paradox: A statement that seems to contradict itself but that turns out to have a rational meaning.

25. Pathos: Appealing to the emotions.

26. Personification: The attribution of human qualities to a nonhuman or inanimate object.

27. Polysyndeton: Insertion of conjunctions before each word in a list.

28. Repetition: Word or phrase used two or more times in close proximity.

29. Rhetorical Question: A question asked for rhethorical effect to emphasize a point, no answer being expected.

30. Sententia: The punctuation of a point with an aphorism.

31. Syntax: The grammatical structure of a sentence; the arrangement of words in a sentence.

32. Tricolon: A series of parallel words, phrases, clauses, or statements.

33. Zeugma: Includes several similar rhetorical devices, all involving a grammatically correct linkage (or yoking together) of two or more parts of speech by another part of speech.

Rhetorical Devices That Are Present In The Inaugural Address of John F. Kennedy:

*Alliteration

• “same solemn” (2nd sentence of the 2nd paragraph)

• “man holds in his mortal hands” (1st sentence of the 3rd paragraph)

• “for which our forebears fought” (2nd sentence of 3rd paragraph)

• “to friend and foe alike” (4th paragraph)

• “whether it wishes us well or ill” (5th paragraph)

• “Pay any price, bear any burden… ” (5th paragraph)

• “the survival and the success of liberty” (5th paragraph)

• “faithful friends” (1st sentence of the 7th paragraph)

• “colonial control” (1st sentence of the 8th paragraph)

• “strongly supporting” (2nd sentence of the 8th paragraph)

• “break the bonds of mass misery” (9th paragraph)

• “sovereign states” (11th paragraph)

• “its writ may run” (11th paragraph)

• “the dark powers of destruction” (12th paragraph)

• “steady spread” (14th paragraph)

• “sincerity is always subject” (15th paragraph)

• “peace preserved” (9th to the last paragraph)

• “bear the burden” (6th to the last paragraph)

• “a grand and global alliance” (5th to the last paragraph)

• “high standards of strength and sacrifice” (1st sentence of the last paragraph)

• “Let us go forth to lead the land we love… ” (2nd sentence of the last paragraph)

*Allusion

• “I have sworn before you and Almighty God.” (2nd sentence of the 2nd paragraph)

• “those who foolishly sought power by riding the back of the tiger ended up inside” (last sentence of the 8th paragraph)

*Amplification

• “Let both sides… Let both sides… Let both sides… Let both sides (Paragraphs 16 to 19)

*Analogy

• “those who foolishly sought power by riding the back of the tiger ended up inside” (3rd sentence of the 8th paragraph)

*Anaphora

• “all forms of human poverty and all forms of human life” (1st sentence of the 3rd paragraph)

• “not because the communists may be doing it, not because we seek their votes, but because it is right” (1st sentence of the 9th paragraph)

• “To those old allies… To those new states… To those people… To our sister… To that world… to those nations… ” (Paragraphs 7 to 12)

• “We shall not always expect to find them supporting our view. But we shall always hope to find them strongly supporting their own freedom” (2nd and 3rd sentences of the 8th paragraph)

• “both sides overburdened by the cost of modern weapons, both rightly alarmed by the steady spread of the deadly atom, yet both racing to alter that uncertain balance of terror that stays the hand of mankind’s final war” (14th paragraph)

• “Let both sides… Let both sides… Let both sides… Let both sides” (Paragraphs 16 to 19)

• “not as a call to bear arms, though arms we need–not as a call to battle, though embattled we are–but a call to bear the burden of a long twilight struggle, year in and year out” (6th to the last paragraph)

• “the first one hundred days. Nor will it be finished in the first one thousand days, nor in the life of this Administration, nor even perhaps in our lifetime on this planet” (8th to the last paragraph)

*Anastrophe

• “Dare not” (1st sentence of the 4th paragraph and 13th paragraph & 3rd sentence of the 7th paragraph)

• “This much we pledge” (6th paragraph)

• “Ask not” (26th paragraph)

*Antimetabole

• “Ask not what your country can do for you–ask what you can do for your country.” (3rd to the last paragraph)

• “Let us never negotiate out of fear. But let us never fear to negotiate.” (2nd sentence of the 15th paragraph)

*Antithesis

• “We observe today not a victory of party but a celebration of freedom–symbolizing an end as well as a beginning signifying renewal as well as change. ” (1st sentence of the 2nd paragraph)

• “… not from the generosity of the state but from the hand of God.” (2nd sentence of the 3rd paragraph)

• “Support any friend, oppose any foe… ” (5th paragraph)

• “United there is little we cannot do in a host of cooperative ventures. Divided there is little we can do… ” (2nd sentence of the 7th paragraph)

• “Not because… not because… but because… ” (1st sentence of the 9th paragraph)

• “Let us never negotiate out of fear, but let us never fear to negotiate.” (2nd sentence of the 15th paragraph)

• “Let both sides explore what problems unite us instead of belaboring those problems which divide us.” (16th paragraph)

• “not a new balance of power, but a new world of law” (20th paragraph)

• “Not as a call to bear arms… not as a call to battle.. but a call to bear the burden… ” (23rd paragraph)

• “I do not shrink from this responsibility–I welcome it.” (2nd sentence of the 25th paragraph)

• “… ask not what you country can do for you, ask what you can do for your country.” (26th paragraph)

• “ask not what America will do for you, but what together we can do for the freedom of man” (2nd to the last paragraph)

*Assonance

• “… the steady spread of the deadly atom.” (14th paragraph)

*Asyndeton

• “We shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, oppose any foe… ” (5th paragraph)

• “explore the stars, conquer the deserts, eradicate disease, tap the ocean depths” (2nd sentence of the 18th paragraph)

• “The energy, the faith, the devotion” (4th to the last paragraph)

*Chiasmus

• “Let us never negotiate out of fear. But let us never fear to negotiate.” (2nd sentence of the 15th paragraph)

• “ask not what your country can do for you–ask what you can do for your country” (3rd to the last paragraph)

*Climax

• “All this will not be finished in the first one hundred days. Nor will it be finished in the first one thousand days, nor in the life of this Administration, nor even perhaps in our lifetime on this planet.” (8th to the last paragraph)

*Conduplication

• “to help them help themselves” (1st sentence of the 9th paragraph)

• “good words into good deeds” (1st sentence of the 10th paragraph)

• “free men and free governments” (1st sentence of the 10th paragraph)

• “the instruments of war have far outpaced the instruments of peace” (11th paragraph)

• “absolute power… absolute control… ” (17th paragraph)

*Consonance

• “Whether it wishes us well or ill, that we shall… ” (5th paragraph)

*Ellipsis

• “This much we pledge–and more.” (6th paragraph)

*Ethos

• “Vice President Johnson, Mr. Speaker, Mr. Chief Justice, President Eisenhower, Vice President Nixon, President Truman, Reverend Clergy, fellow citizens: We observe today not a victory of party but a celebration of freedom–symbolizing an end as well as a beginning–signifying renewal as well as change.” (Paragraphs 1 & 2)

• “In the long history of the world, only a few generations have been granted the role of defending freedom in its hour of maximum danger. I do not shrink from this responsibility–I welcome it.” (4th to the last paragraph)

• “With a good conscience our only sure reward, with history the final judge of our deeds, let us go forth to lead the land we love, asking His blessing and His help, but knowing that here on earth God’s work must truly be our own.” (last sentence of the last paragraph)

*Hyperbole

• “Let every nation know, whether it wishes us well or ill, that we shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, oppose any foe to assure the survival and the success of liberty.” (5th paragraph)

*Imagery

• “The torch has been passed to a new generation of Americans.” (4th paragraph)

*Logos

• “old allies whose cultural and spiritual origins we share” (1st sentence of the 7th paragraph)

• “new states whom we welcome to the ranks of the free” (1st sentence of the 8th paragraph)

• “people in the huts and villages of half the globe struggling to break the bonds of mass misery” (1st sentence of the 9th paragraph)

• “that world assembly of sovereign states, the United Nations” (11th paragraph)

• “nations who would make themselves our adversary” (12th paragraph)

*Metanoia

• “Now the trumpet summons us again–not as a call to bear arms, though arms we need–not as a call to battle, though embattled we are–but a call to bear the burden of a long twilight struggle, year in and year out, “rejoicing in hope, patient in tribulation”–a struggle against the common enemies of man: tyranny, poverty, disease and war itself.” (6th to the last paragraph)

*Metaphor

• “We are the heirs of the first revolution.” (1st sentence of the 4th paragraph)

• “Let the word go forward from this time and place, to friend and foe alike, that the torch has been passed to a new generation of Americans… ” (2nd sentence of the 4th paragraph)

• “riding the back of the tiger” (3rd sentence of the 8th paragraph)

• “the bonds of mass misery” (9th paragraph)

• “the chains of poverty” (1st sentence of the 10th paragraph)

• “evolution of hope” (2nd sentence of the 10th paragraph)

• “master of its own house” (last sentence of the 10th paragraph)

• “balance of terror” (14th paragraph)

• “And if a beachhead of cooperation may push back the jungle of suspicion… ” (20th paragraph)

• “The energy, the faith, the devotion which we bring to this endeavor will light our country and all who serve it–and the glow from that fire can truly light the world.” (4th to the last paragraph)

*Oxymoron

• “But this peaceful revolution.” (2nd sentence of the 10th paragraph)

*Parallelism

• “We observe today not a victory of party but a celebration of freedom–symbolizing an end as well as a beginning signifying renewal as well as change.” (1st sentence of the 2nd paragraph)

• “born in this century, tempered by war, disciplined by a hard and bitter peace, proud of our ancient heritage” (2nd sentence of the 4th paragraph)

• “Let every nation know, whether it wishes us well or ill, that we shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, oppose any foe to assure the survival and the success of liberty.” (5th paragraph)

• “Let both sides explore what problems unite us… Let both sides, for the first time, formulate serious and precise proposals for the inspection and control of arms… Let both sides seek to invoke the wonders of science… Let both sides unite… ” (Paragraphs 6 to 9)

• “United there is little we cannot do in a host of cooperative ventures. Divided there is little we can do… ” (2nd and 3rd sentences of the 7th paragraph)

• “If a free society cannot help the many who are poor, it cannot save the few who are rich.” (2nd sentence of the 9th paragraph)

• “sufficient beyond doubt can we be certain beyond” (2nd sentence of the 13th paragraph)

*Paradox

• “Only when our arms are sufficient beyond doubt can we be certain beyond doubt that they will never be employed.” (2nd sentence of the 13th paragraph)

*Pathos

• “To those people in the huts and villages of half the globe struggling to break the bonds of mass misery… ” (1st sentence of the 9th paragraph)

• “he graves of young Americans who answered the call toservice surround the globe” (7th to the last paragraph)

• ” The energy, the faith, the devotion which we bring to this endeavor will light our country and all who serve it–and the glow from that fire can truly light the world.” (4th to the last paragraph)

*Personification

• “With history the final judge of our deeds” (2nd sentence of the last paragraph)

*Polysyndeton

• “where the strong are just and the weak secure and the peace preserved” (9th to the last paragraph)

*Repetition

• “For man holds in his mortal hands the power to abolish all forms of human poverty and all forms of human life.” (1st sentence of the 3rd paragraph)

*Rhetorical Question

• “Can we forge against these enemies a grand and global alliance, North and South, East and West, that can assure a more fruitful life for all mankind? Will you join in that historic effort?” (5th to the last paragraph)

*Sententia

• “undo the heavy burdens… (and) let the oppressed go free” (19th paragraph)

*Syntax

• “My fellow citizens of the world: ask not what America will do for you, but what together we can do for the freedom of man.” (2nd to the last paragraph)

*Tricolon

• “We observe today not a victory of party but a celebration of freedom–symbolizing an end as well as a beginning signifying renewal as well as change.” (1st sentence of the 2nd paragraph)

• “not as a call to bear arms, though arms we need–not as a call to battle, though embattled we are–but a call to bear the burden of a long twilight struggle, year in and year out” (6th to the last paragraph)

*Zeugma

• “Now the trumpet summons us again–not as a call to bear arms, though arms we need–not as a call to battle, though embattled we are–but a call to bear the burden… ” (6th to the last paragraph)

Encapsulation of Findings:

John F. Kennedy used 33 different types of rhetorical devices in his inaugural speech. The most dominant rhetorical device that he used was the usage of alliteration.

Conclusion:

Through extensive analysis, it can be seen that it is evident that he has a goal of getting the audience’s attention to listen and to understand his points in a meaningful way in the fields of writing and speaking.

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Pyrography (Fire Art on Wood) for Pleasure or Profit – Eight Tips For Starting Up A Small Business

1. Make a simple plan listing the Pyrography items you want to sell and the prices you aim to sell them at. If you are unsure of the mark up price, then think about how much you would be prepared to be paid per hour to do this work. Next factor into your equation the price of the raw materials used = Price of materials + how many hours it took to produce your piece of work (what you decide is a fair hourly rate of pay.) I recommend you do your research at craft venues etc. to find out how your competitors are pricing their pieces of work. You will not know how long it took them to produce their Pyrography but it should give you some idea about whether the cost of your work is going to be wildly under or over priced. Remember your aim is to sell but don’t down rate the time and effort you put into it.

2. Purchase a file to keep all your customer orders and letters (in date order) and also a writing book with lined paper to record the day to day transactions for your bank/building society account.

It would probably be wise to have one account designated to your new Pyrography business, this way you will easily keep track of all incoming and outgoing costs. Label up your new exercise/writing book clearly with the name of the account and its number.

Draw four lines from the top to the bottom of the first few pages in your book.

Label the 1st column with [date], 2nd with [+ credits], 3rd with [- debits] and 4th with [balance]. Use a red pen for your [- debit column]. and a black pen for the credit column.

Subtract the amount you have spent from the balance and enter your new balance underneath. (I’m sure you already know this and you might think it long winded to write it all down but memorising everything is far more difficult when your busy! You may prefer to keep records on your PC).

Your book will help you to provide any financial information required for tax purposes should they be required once you get your business off the ground and also keep your receipts for the same purpose. Staple together your receipts in date order. Keep every receipt that pertains to your Pyrography business including all purchases:- equipment- nibs, points, masks etc, materials -wood, leather, paper etc, colours – paints, pens, inks and varnishes.

3. When you get your monthly statements, check off each transaction to make sure they are correct. This may all seem a bind when you can possibly just phone or look up details on the internet, however, this method will keep you very aware of your spending from day to day as you are starting off as a small Pyrography business. You will then be up to date with the amount of funds that you have available.

4. If you are aiming to sell your work and you have rented a stall or are advertising your wares via a shop or over the internet, then perhaps one of the best ways to attract attention to your work is to display Pyrography articles that are connected by virtue of their design and colour. It is important to try and make your display stand out from the rest of the crowd. For instance you may have three or four objects that are totally different in design but are all decorated in varying shades of blue. You can produce a striking show of your Pyrography work if you exhibit them in a single colour setting. You might choose to add a couple of items of a strongly contrasting colour to set off your work. Another idea is to select objects of a similar theme that you may have borrowed or are from home to simply give your display a boost!

5. If your Pyrography has a secondary purpose such as a decorated picture frame or a candle holder then don’t forget to do the obvious and display your items with a picture in or a candle in the holder to illustrate their usefulness.

6. Consider the use of re-decorating old furniture. If you find an item you’d like to work with, then this could be a very stimulating little project. It offers you an exciting challenge of re-vamping and refreshing it with your own individual Pyrography design. You could display your larger piece of furniture as a centre piece to several smaller groups of household items decorated in your own unique way!

7. Here are a few suggestions of where you might sell your work? Craft stores may display some of your items, craft shows may have stalls, village fetes, coffee morning at church etc, car boots, school fetes, hire a market stall (they can be quite reasonable) or photograph your Pyrography and sell on Ebay. You might like to try approaching small coffee bars or eating places and see if they would like to display a selection of your work for a percentage of any sale.

8. Very Important – don’t forget to advertise yourself as a Pyrography business. Make sure your business has an appropriate name that can be burned onto your own individual sign board that you will display where you sell your work. Make up personalised Pyrography business cards and hand them out at craft fairs etc. Leave a few on your display for people to pick up. Advertise yourself by as many means as possible. Put an ad in your local paper and link it to a theme e.g Christmas, Easter, Birthdays. The region that I live in has a news bus that stops in communities to do a live broadcast. They encourage people to come on board and talk to them. This could be another way of advertising yourself and getting more people interested in Pyrography as a hobby.

I wish you all the best of luck with your new Pyrography Business!

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Top 3 FAQs About Funeral Plan Prices

Planning a funeral can be a quite stressful and overwhelming process for anyone, whether arranging in advance, or have to make arrangements suddenly. The pain and the burden make all the essential plans in a convenient way can leave a person confused. Luckily, funeral directors can assist families through these tough situations.

Funeral companies work with customers to assist them through each part of memorial service arrangement, which includes burials and cremation, budgeting and payment, plots, transportation of the deceased’s body, flowers, music, caskets, urns, obituaries, memorials, ceremonies, notices, and a lot of other things. Funeral companies are glad to answer every enquiry related to burial and cremation service planning and arrangement.

Here are some Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about Funeral plans. Find out what are the features offered in the top funeral plans.

  • FAQ #1 – What Are The Funeral Plan Prices?

With such a variety of adjustable choices, it is difficult to say how much a burial service will cost altogether. While encompassing everything, including memorial service homes, burials service, plots, graveyards, coffins, cremation service, urns, clothing, ceremonies, and so on, expenses can extend extraordinarily. It is essential to get a cheap funeral plan, and stick to it. A burial service director can assist you to make a wonderful memorial service that fits your budget. Yet, by and large, burials can cost from a couple of thousand pounds to over £10,000, relying on the services you choose. However, many companies offer a cheap funeral plan that can fit your budget easily.

  • FAQ #2 – Can I Plan For A Funeral In Advance?

Yes, that’s what we are talking about! Funeral plans are some of the most amazing opportunities you get when the price of a funeral, burials and cremation are rising at an alarming rate. In reality, memorial service pre-arrangement is an extremely valuable and stress free option offered by most burial service homes. You can orchestrate and pay for everything ahead of time, whether for yourself or a friend or a family member, with no trouble or stress to meet time requirements. Some burial service homes will even freeze the costs, so that no new balance remains when the time comes to have the memorial service.

  • FAQ #3 – What Are Things That Alter Cost?

Funeral plan prices differ depending upon, the services you choose. There are various reasons that alter the burial cost such as style, coffin choice, number of limousines needed, and so on. You need to compare funeral plans offered by different service providers as it will help you to get a better idea of the whole procedure.

Final Thoughts: You need to keep in your mind that the cost of a burial is extremely high. Therefore, it’s a lot better thing to choose a decent funeral plan in advance, so that your family don’t have to face the financial burden after your demise. It’s is surely a sensitive issue, but you should prepare in advance.

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Real Estate Professional’s Guide To Work-Life Balance

Do you feel like you’re on the verge of burning out? Does it seem like you’ve been missing out on more and more events in your personal life? Then you might just need to reconsider the structure of your life. Here’s some guidance that will help you care for your welfare as you climb up the corporate ladder.

1. Be a smart-worker rather than a hard-worker

People often make a misconception of using the hours of their work as the basis of their productivity. Instead of prolonging your hours in the office and restricting yourself of time in the sack, why don’t you practice proper prioritization? By avoiding tasks that make you less productive, you’ll be able to accomplish more duties on time and smaller possibilities of overtime work.

2. Avoid bringing work to your home

Learn to leave your work where it belongs – in your office desk. If you think you can’t finish your task in the office, bringing it back home won’t do you any good. Physically leaving your tasks in the workplace and fretting over it in social media later doesn’t count either. Today’s technology makes it possible for people to multitask and access their work even when they are not in the office. So, by the end of the day, make sure to put an end to your working hours and unplug from any form of telecommuting. Enjoy a relaxing evening at home and save yourself unnecessary stress.

3. Relax, ponder, and exercise

Despite being one of life’s necessities, exercising is usually the first thing to go when our schedules starts to fill up. While some may see exercising as a tiring chore to add to their already chaotic agenda, it can actually help you reduce stress, run beneficial endorphins through your system, and put you into a meditative state. If you have limited time to spare, you can also opt for low-impact workouts, including running, yoga, and meditation.

4. Learn to say no

If your calendar has become overloaded due to insane and ceaseless demands from your superior, then it is probably time to harness the power of saying no. It may be hard for some people to refuse if they are asked to do an additional task, so they usually end up with more than what they can handle. Take the time to come up with a decision and when you’ve decided to refuse, make sure to say it in the politest way possible.

5. Keep ground rules

By the end of the day, all these advices are all good-for-nothing if you don’t act on them. As a thriving real estate professional, you have to decide on this new way of life and keep doing it until it becomes a pattern. If you think you need the help of others in order to find your new work-life balance, then so be it.

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